Contemporary Architecture



  • Born in 1957 in Tokyo, Japan
  • Shigeru Ban studied at the Southern California Institute of Architecture and later went on to Cooper Union’s School of Architecture
  • Profiled by Time Magazine in their projection of 21st century innovators in the field of architecture and design
  • Shigeru Ban was the winner in 2005 at age 48 of the 40th annual Thomas Jefferson Medal in Architecture from the University of Virginia in Charlottesville.
  • Inspired by Architect John Hejduk
  • 2003 the finalist of the New York WTC Ground Zero Competition


  • Work reflects blend of his American Architectural training and his native Japanese influences.
  • Adopts a construction method in which the structure is integrated into an over all design.
  • Innovative exploration and Integration of materials so as to enhance their structural potential.
  • Materials ranging from Paper, wood, bamboo and steel.
  • As a Japanese architect….
  • …..uses themes and methods found in traditional Japanese architecture
  • …..the concept of modules taken forward – ‘Tatami’
  • —  Making the spaces free flowing with structures being ‘invisible’….
  • …..avoiding overtly expression of structural elements and incorporating it in the design….
  • As an Ecological architect….
  • …..” I don’t like waste” – Shigeru Ban
  • —  Most-famous now for his innovative work with paper and cardboard tubing as a material for building construction.
  • —  “…even in disaster areas, I want to create beautiful buildings, this is what it means to build a monument for common people…”
  • —  Known for his innovation with building materials

—  Known as the ‘Paper Architect’……


  • 2002 Forest Park Pavilion Prototype-Rice University Art Gallery, Houston, USA
  • 2000 PAM-A, Mishima, Shizuoka
  • 2000 Naked House, Kawagoe
  • 2000 Expo 2000 Hannover Japan Pavilion – Paper Tube Structure-13, Germany
  • 1999 Paper Tube shelters for refugees in Rwanda – Paper Tube Structure-10
  • 1997 Wall-less-House, Karuizawa, Nagano
  • 1995 Paper Church – Paper Tube Structure -08, Kobe, Hyogo
  • 1995 Paper Log House – Paper Tube Structure -07, Kobe, Hyogo, Bhuj
  • 1995 Curtain Wall House, Tokyo
  • 1994 Issey Miyake Gallery – Paper Tube Structure -06, Tokyo
  • 1991 Library of a poet – Paper Tube Structure -04, Zushi, Kanagawa
  • 1990Odawara Pavilion – Paper Tube Structure -02
  • 1987Villa K, Tateshina, Nagano
  • 1986Villa TCG, Tateshina, Nagano
  • 1986″Alvar Aalto” Exhibition design, Axis Gallery, Tokyo


  • This was the first project in which paper tubes were authorized for use as a structural basis in a permanent building.
  • a S-shape configuration comprised of 110 paper tubes (2.7m high, 275mm in inner diameter and 148mm thick) defines the interior and exterior areas of the paper house.
  • designing it in a big S-shaped circle, he retained the flow between inside and out with clear walls
  • tent-like curtains, which can be drawn for privacy in summer and shut in winter for warmth and insulation.
  • to link his interiors with the world outside.
  • “I always like to connect inside and outside space and make a kind of intermediate space in between”
  • The large circle formed by the interior tubes forms a big area
  • a free standing paper tubes column with a 1.2m diameter in the surrounding gallery contains a toilet
  • the exterior paper tubes surrounding the courtyard stand apart from the structure and serve as a screen
  • the living area in the large circle is without furnishing or details other than an isolated kitchen counter, sliding doors, and movable closets
  • the roof, supported by the colonnade of paper tubes, is visually emphasized


—  Ban assembled a team of students from his research center  banlab, and the Hironori Matsubara Lab at Keio University, along with volunteer teachers from around China, who were assigned by the country’s education ministry.

—  They can be moulded into load-bearing columns, bent into trusses and rapidly assembled, and can be made waterproof and fire resistant. Because paper tubes are available in various thickness and diameters, they can be added to a structure to support more weight as necessary.

—  The roofs are made of plywood, and polycarbonate and PTFE was used as insulation


—  Project completion date : August 2002

—  Set in a context of a private house and two storey regional hospital building

—  The main volume of the structure functions as a gymnasium as well as concert hall and annex spaces of the ellipse contain swimming pool, changing room and piano room.

—  980 square meter space enclosed by an elliptical dome.

—  The dome is constructed with LSL (laminated strand lumber) and steel pipe members

—  It has classic styles of Japanese technical purism by means of a construction method characteristic of technological globalization process.

—  The main structure is placed underground, only the dome and the eaves of the two entrances are visible

—  The region is known for its heavy snowfall piling up to shoulder heights.

—  The aesthetic structural components enhance the lighting quality of the space.

—  The plan of the dome is elliptical and is supported by 2 sets of arches.


—  Arches spanning in one direction generate lateral stability for arches in other direction

—  Pentagonal trussed arch along minor axis provide space within themselves for Vierendeel arches spanning along major axis

—  Interconnection of two arches in opposite direction generates multi skinned grid dome as one structure.

—  The whole assembly is then covered with strips of light weight polycarbonate sheets thus allowing diffused light to enter the space.

—  Both Arches are composed of LSL (Laminated Strand Lumber) and steel pipe sections and plates.

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Contemporary Architecture

Uttam C Jain – Jodhpur University ,Aga Khan School and NRI Housing.

Architects Profile :

  • Full  Name :  Uttam Chand  jain
  • Born :  1934
  • Business Name  :  Uttam C. Jain Architects & Planners
  • Services   :  Architecture, Urban Planning
  • Design Team :  15 members , mumbai

Qualification :

  • Advanced study scholarship from the National University of Tucuman, Argentina, 1959
  • First Class Honours degree in Architecture – Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, 1958

Key projects

  • Capitol Complex, Naya Raipur, India, 2006-Ongoing, Institutional
  • Shri Tirupati Balaji General Hospital, Panthawada, India, 2004-2007, Hospital
  • Aga Khan School, Mundra, India, 2002-2006, Institutional
  • Umaid Heritage, Jodhpur, India, 2003-2005, Master Plan
  • Prerna Sthala, Yavatmal, India, 2002-2003, Memorial
  • Landmark, Bombay, India, 1993-2002, Workspace
  • University of Jodhpur, Jodhpur, India, 1969-1999, Institutional
  • Universal Harmony Hall, Mount Abu, India, 1993-1995, Convention Centre
  • Habibganj Railway Station, Bhopal, India, 1989-1995, Transport
  • Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Bombay, India, 1985-1987, Institutional

Key awards:

  • 2007, A+D & Spectrum Foundation Architecture Awards 2006, New Delhi, India
  • 2005, Golden Architect Award 2004, A+D & Spectrum Paints Ltd., New Delhi, India
  • 2002, Chairman’s Award – Architect of the Year 2001, J.K. Cement Ltd., India
  • 1992, President’s Award – Baburao Mhatre Gold Medal, Indian Institute of Architects, India
  • 1991, JIIA Awards, Indian Institute of Architects, Bombay, India
  • 1969, Commonwealth Institute of Architects, London, UK


  • In the operational realities, if an attempt is made to highlight the ideological postures leading to the directions of value as accepted in all design-decisions resulting into tangible architectural ambient, the efforts are also directed towards creating a preference in the public mind for consumption of good design in their day to day living.
  • The immediate surroundings is  source of construction materials; snow, stone, straw, reed, wood or mud is the indigenous materials for constructing an enclosure.
  • The relationship between human being and the building being established, what develops and grows around becomes a measure for man and his society.
  • There is a place for everything and everything has its place.
  • Spatial configuration in his design is an attempt to invoke a spirit that will establish a symbiotic bond between the present and the past.
  • FORM : Realization of shelter form and its content are in response to a given place, climate, and time.
  • AESTHETICS: It is the aesthetics of openness contrasted with enclosures that highlights the different features from the rest of the façade.

Conclusion :

Uttam C. Jain is one of the great contemporary architect of India . After studying his projects we understand his philosophy that “ The relationship between human being and the building being established, what develops and grows around becomes a measure for man and his society” . His project shows lots of good architectural solutions and their implications in Indian climate and behaviors. The use of arches , vaults , domes , squinched , pillars , cutouts in facades , courtyards , pergolas etc are the major elements of his design. His designs are mere a excellent response the site and surroundings. The Jodhpur university is one of his great works indeed . He has come up with a excellent solutions of the climate and space behavior. The stepped roofs , the sitting patterns , the use of stones , the use of cutouts for ventilation are his major features in it . Use of local materials with a good mixtures of modern technology make his building a completely excellent response . In the operational realities, if an attempt is made to highlight the ideological postures leading to the directions of value as accepted in all design-decisions resulting into tangible architectural ambient, the efforts are also directed towards creating a preference in the public mind for consumption of good design in their day to day living. A doctor buries his mistake and an architect builds his mistake. There are individuals who fail to understand what good architecture is all about. But U.C.Jain feels that, architecture begins after you put up four walls and a roof and that is what he call the non-manifest part. Architecture is like music. You can feel it but not see it. You have to comprehend and appreciate architecture. Architecture provides us with our basic biological needs but actually its realms go much further than that. His sense of creativity stems from what he add from his mind. There are the 3 ‘P’s of architecture, namely, the personality of the architect, the product and the place. These have to be in synergy.

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