- A contemporary British Architect
- Born in 1939
- Belongs to High tech modern era.
- Educated at Wellington College
- President of the Royal Academy
- Won a RIBA national award
- Waterloo railway terminal awarded the accolade of ‘Building of the Year’
- National Space Centre in Leicester
- Flats, Camden
- Railway station, Melbourne
- Enneus Haeerma Bridge
- Always seeks alternative and better means to address an architectural problem, such as a suspended glass wall or the creation f adaptable free-span space.
- A concern with generous circulation and social spaces
- Very precise and inventive detailing
- Designing components that explore the potential of materials and technology
- a steady evolution, from the earliest buildings to the latest.
The Eden Project ,Cornwall:
- World’s largest greenhouse and a visitor attraction
- The aim of the building is to promote the understanding and responsible management of the vital relationship between plants, people and resources, leading to a sustainable future for all.
- The complex comprises a number of domes that house Plant Species from around the world, Visitor Centre, The core, and landscape areas
- The domes are made out of hundreds of hexagons plus a few pentagons
- constructed in an unused china clay pit
- State-of-the-art computer simulations were used to model the path of the sun throughout the year, to identify the best hot spots for the greenhouses.
- provided protection from the wind and ideal for sunlight.
- Rainforest Biome (Area 3.9 acres) used for tropical plants, and is kept at a tropical temperature.
- Mediterranean Biome (Area 1.6 acres) houses familiar warm temperate and arid plants
- Outdoor Biome represents temperate region
Use of ETFE:
- The biome panels are glazed with Ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE), which:
- is less than 1% of the weight of equivalent glass.
- costs 24% to 70% less to install.
- lets through more sunlight
- Has a high melting temperature
- is not degraded by sunlight
- suffers minimal deformation when it is windy
- Easy maintenance
- is recyclable.
- Each polygonal panel is like a club sandwich, with three or four layers of ETFE heat-welded together.
- Overall thickness is about two metres.
- The domes are made out of hundreds of hexagons plus a few pentagons that interconnect the whole construction together
- Structure is completely self-supporting, with no internal supports
- maximum strength with minimum steelwork and maximum volume with minimum surface area
- The domes provide diverse growing conditions, and many plants are on display.
- a world-class centre for education and scientific research into environmental issues
- Automated controlled ventilation and temperature
- The massive amounts of water required to create the humid conditions of the Tropical Biome, and to serve the toilet facilities, are all sanitized rain water
- the energy comes from a wind turbines.
- The core has photo voltaic array on the roof top.