- Rectilinear Geometry
- Use of primary colors
The tenets of Neoplasticism
- Coloration must be in the primary colors of red, blue and yellow or the non-colors of black, gray and white.
- Surfaces must rectangular planes or prisms.
- Aesthetic balance must be achieved and this is done through the use of opposition.
- Compositional elements must be straight lines or rectangular areas.
- Symmetry is to be avoided.
- Balance and rhythm are enhanced by relationships of proportion and location.
- Founded in 1917
- Piet Mondrian, Theo van Doesburg and Gerrit Reitveld.
- Published a journal ‘De Stijl’ from 1917 – 32.
- Other members were Georges Vantongerloo , Jacobus-Johannes-Pieter Oud, Bart van der Leck and more.
- “Pure plastic vision should build a new society, in the same way that in art it has built a new plasticism”. – Piet Mondrian
- An expression of absolutes of life.
- Only absolutes of life were vertical and horizontal lines and the primary colors.
- Art as a collective approach
Theo van Doesburg and Hans Vogel
- Studies for purely Architectural Sculpture resulting from ground floor plan, 1921.
- In this study the asymmetrical pyramidal composition of cubic volumes is strictly generated from the plan. All ornamental accentuation has been eliminated.
- Theo van Doesburg and Cornelis van Eesteren
- Axonometric drawing of hotel Particulier.
- 3-D Representation of objects in 2-D
- A development of van Doesburg’s earlier studies, the cubic composition is further broken by arbitrary places rectangles of color.
Rietveld Schroder House, Utrecht 1924, Gerrit Rietveld:
- Radical break from its past.
- One of the best known and the most perfect example of De Stijl Architecture.
- A dynamic, changeable open planning concept.
- Traditional ground floor plan.
- Sliding and revolving panels provide flexibility to the upper floor.
- Rietveld Chair,1924,Designed as furniture for the Rietveld Schroder house.